Field Guide to Amazonian Bats – López-Baucells, A., Rocha, R., Bobrowiec, P.E.D., Bernard, E., Palmeirim, J.M. & Meyer, C.F.J. (2016) National Institute of Amazonian Research, Manaus, Brazil.

Portada ABFG_01The book is designed as a guide aimed at satisfying the needs of those conducting field work on bats in the Amazon. It is largely based on previous published keys with modifications derived from both personal observations and years of field experience in the Brazilian Amazon at the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project (BDFFP), as well as a thorough revision of available bat keys and species descriptions. The aim was to produce an easy-to-use guide that would be both practical and visually appealing. The guide is available in digital format, and can thus be readily consulted on tablets and even smartphones. Interactive links connect all steps of the identification keys making it easy to navigate across the book and link to direct the research to the IUCN Red List species page where more information can be found. The field guide also features the first acoustic key for Amazonian bats, illustrated with the echolocation spectrogram of most species. This represents a major step towards alleviating the daunting task of identifying the numerous species of aerial insectivorous bats that occur in the Amazon based on their echolocation calls, a group which remains largely understudied.

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Peer-reviewed articles

in review

Eklund, J., Blanchet, G., Nyman, J., Rocha, R., Virtanen, T. & Cabeza, M. Contrasting spatial and temporal trends of protected area effectiveness in mitigating deforestation in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, in review.

Ferreira, D., Rocha, R., López-Baucells, A., Farneda, F.Z., Carreiras, J.M.B, Palmeirim, J.M. & Meyer, C.F.J. Season-modulated responses of Neotropical bats to forest fragmentation. Ecology and Evolution, in review.

López-Baucells, A., Rocha, R., Andriatafika, Z., Tojosoa, T., Kemp, J., Forbes, K., Cabeza, M. Roost selection by synanthropic bats in rural Madagascar: what makes non-traditional structures so tempting? Hystrix, in review.


Rocha, R., López-Baucells, A., Farneda, F.Z., Groenenberg, M., Bobrowiec. P.E.D., Cabeza, M., Palmeirim, J.M. & Meyer, C.F.J. Consequences of a large-scale fragmentation experiment on Neotropical bats: disentangling the relative effects of local and landscape-scale attributes. Landscape Ecology (in press).

Rocha, R., Gordo, M., & López-Baucells, A. (2016) Completing the menu: addition of Sinax ruber and Dendropsophus minutus (Anura: Hylidae) to the diet of Trachops cirrhosus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in Central Amazon. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 12(1): 199-201.

López-Baucells, A., Puig-Montserrat, X., Torre, I., Freixas, L., Mas, M., Arrizabalaga, A. and Flaquer, C. (2016). Bat boxes in urban non-native forests: a popular practice that should be reconsidered. Urban Ecosystems (in press).

Cameron, E.K., Vilà, M., Cabeza, M. (2016) Global meta-analysis of the impacts of terrestrial invertebrate invaders on species, communities and ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25(5): 596-606.

Fernández-Llamazares, Á., Díaz-Reviriego, I., Guèze, M., Cabeza, M., Pyhälä, A., Reyes-García, V. 2016. Local perceptions as a guide for the sustainable management of natural resources: empirical evidence from a small-scale society in Bolivian Amazonia. Ecology and Society 21(1): 2.

Laurance, W.F., Camargo, J.L.C., Fearnside, P.M., Lovejoy, T.E., Williamson, G.B., Mesquita, R.C.G., Meyer, C.F., Bobrowiec, P.E.D., Cohn-Haft, M. and Laurance, S.G.W. (2016). An Amazonian forest and its fragments as a laboratory of global change. Springer (in press).

Garcia, R.A., Cabeza, M., Altwegg, R., Araújo, M.B. 2016. Do projections from bioclimatic envelope models and climate change metrics match?. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 65-74.


Farneda, F.Z., Rocha, R., López-Baucells, A., Groenenberg, M., Silva, I., Palmeirim, J.M., Bobrowiec. P.E.D. & Meyer, C.F.J. (2015) Trait-related responses to habitat fragmentation in Amazonian bats. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(5): 1381-1391.

Witsenburg, F., Clément, L., López-Baucells, A., Palmeirim, J., Pavlinić, I., Scaravelli, D., Ševčík, M., Dutoit, L., Salamin, N., Goudet, J. & Christe, P. (2015) How a haemosporidian parasite of bats gets around: the genetic structure of a parasite, vector and host compared. Molecular Ecology, 24: 926-940.

Rocha, R., Tarmo, V. & Cabeza, M. (2015) Bird assemblages in a Malagasy forest-agricultural frontier: effects of habitat structure and landscape-scale forest cover. Tropical Conservation Science, 8(3): 681-710.

Meyer, C. F. J., Aguiar, L. M. S., Aguirre, L. F., Baumgarten, J., Clarke, F. M., Cosson, J.-F., Estrada Villegas, S., Fahr, J., Faria, D., Furey, N., Henry, M., Jenkins, R. K. B., Kunz, T. H., MacSwiney Gonzalez, M. C., Moya, I., Pons, J.-M., Racey, P. A., Rex, K., Sampaio, E. M., Stoner, K. E., Voigt, C. C., von Staden, D., Weise, C. D. & Kalko, E. K. V. (2015) Species undersampling in tropical bat surveys: effects on emerging biodiversity patterns. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84: 113-123.

Fernández-Llamazares, A. & Rocha, R. (2015) Bolivia to plunder protected areas. Nature, 523: 158.

Meyer, C.F.J. (2015) Methodological challenges in monitoring bat population- and assemblage-level changes for anthropogenic impact assessment. Mammalian Biology, 80: 159-169.

Fernández-Llamazares, Á., Díaz-Reviriego, I., Luz, A.C., Cabeza, M., Pyhälä, A., Reyes-García, V. (2015) Rapid ecosystem challenges the adaptive capacity of Local Environmental Knowledge. Global Environmental Change 31: 272-284.

Puig-Montserrat, X., Torre, I., López-Baucells, A., Guerrieri, E., Monti, M., Ràfols-García, R., Ferrer, X., Gisbert, D. & Flaquer, C. (2015) Pest control service provided by bats in Mediterranean rice paddies: linking agroecosystems structure to ecological functions. Mammalian Biology, 80: 237-245.

Carvalho, M., Rego, F. Palmeirim, J. &  Fa. J.E. (2015) Wild meat consumption on São Tomé Island, West Africa: implications for conservation and local livelihoods. Ecology and Society, 20(3): 27.

Marques, J.T., Ramos Pereira, M.J. & Palmeirim, J.M. (2015) Patterns in the use of rainforest vertical space by Neotropical aerial insectivorous bats: all the action is up in the canopy. Ecography, 38(6): 1-20.

Carvalho, M., Fa., J.E., Rego, F.C., de Lima, R.F., Santos, G. & Palmeirim, J.M. (2015) Factors influencing the distribution and abundance of endemic pigeons on São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Bird Conservation International, 25: 71-86.

Correia, R., Franco, A.M.A. & Palmeirim, J.M. (2015) Role of the Mediterranean Sea differentiating European and North African woodland bird assemblages. Community Ecology, 16: 106-114.

Carvalho, M., Palmeirim, J.M., Rego, F.C., Sole, N., Santana, A. & Fa., J.E. (2015) What motivates hunters to target exotic or endemic species on the island of São Tomé, Gulf of Guinea?  Oryx, 49: 278-286.

Carvalho, J.S., Meyer, C.F.J., Vicente, L. & Marques, T.A. (2015) Where to nest? Ecological determinants of chimpanzee nest abundance and distribution at the habitat and tree species scale. American Journal of Primatology, 77: 186-199.

Penado, A., Rocha, R.*, Sampaio, M., Gil, V., Carreira, B.M. & Rebelo, R. (2015) Where to “Rock”? Choice of retreat sites by a gecko in a semi-arid habitat. Acta Herpetologica, 10(1): 47-54. *Corresponding author.

Rocha, R. (2015) Look what the cat dragged in: Felis silvestris catus as predators of insular bats and instance of predation on the endangered Pipistrellus maderensisBarbastella – Journal of Bat Research, 8(1): 1-4.


Mendenhall, C. D., Karp, D. S., Meyer, C. F. J., Hadly, E. A. & Daily, G. C. (2014) Predicting Biodiversity Change and Averting Collapse in Agricultural Landscapes. Nature, 509: 213-217.

Garcia, R., Cabeza, M., Rahbek, C. and M. B. Araújo. 2014. Multiple Dimensions of Climate Change and Their Implications for Biodiversity. Science 344(6183): 1247579.

Flaquer, C., Puig-Montserrat, X., López-Baucells, A., Torre, I., Freixas, L., Mas, M., Porres, X. & Arrizabalaga, A. (2014) Could overheating turn bat boxes into death traps? Barbastella – Journal of Bat Research, 7(1): 46-53.

López-Baucells, A., Rocha, R., Fernández-Arellano, G., Bobrowiec. P.E.D., Palmeirim, J.M. & Meyer. C.F.J. (2014) Echolocation of the Big Red Bat Lasiurus egregius (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) and first record from the Central Brazilian Amazon. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 49(1):18-2

Garcia, R., Araújo, M.B., Burgess, N.D., Foden, W.B., Gutsche, A., Rahbek, C. and M. Cabeza. 2014. Matching species traits to projected threats and opportunities from climate change. Journal of Biogeography 41(4): 724-35.

Rocha, R., Melo, T. & López-Baucells, A. (2014) Consumption of an adult Lesser tree frog Dendropsophus minutus by a neotropical Lethocerus nymph. Alytes, 31: 37-39.

Rocha, R. & López-Baucells, A. (2014) Opportunistic predation of the Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata upon on Seba’s short-tailed bat Carollia perspicillata. Brazilian Journal of Ornithology, 22(1): 58-60.

Rocha, R. & Rebelo, R. (2014) Evidence of long-term stability in the iris pattern of Tarentola geckos. Herpetology Notes, 7: 161-163.

Rocha, R. & López-Baucells, A. (2014) Predation attempt of Hypsiboas boans (Anura: Hylidae) by Helicops angulatus (Squamata: Dipsadidae) with notes on defensive behavior. Alytes, 30: 78-81.


Rocha, R., Carrilho, T. & Rebelo, R. (2013). Iris photo-identification: A new methodology for the individual recognition of Tarentola geckos. Amphibia-Reptilia, 34: 590-596

López-Baucells, A., Rocha, R., Mayés, I., Vulinec, K. & Meyer. C.F.J. (2013) First record of Micronycteris sanborni (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Central Amazonia, Brazil: range expansion and description of its echolocation. Mammalia, 78(1): 127–132

Treitler, J.T., López-Baucells, A., Farias S.G., Tenaçol Jr, J.F & Rocha, R. (2013) First record of a leucistic piebald Phyllostomus discolor (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Chiroptera Neotropical, 19(1): 1179-1181.

Rocha, R. (2013) Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis (Columbiformes: Columbidae): First record for the Madeira Archipelago, Portugal. Check List, 9(2): 432-433.

Pina, S.M.S., Meyer, C.F.J. & Zortea, M. (2013) A comparison of habitat use by phyllostomid bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in natural forest fragments and Eucalyptus plantations in the Brazilian Cerrado. Chiroptera Neotropical, 19(3): 14-30.


Meyer, C.F.J. (2012) Tropical bats: suitable candidates for long-term monitoring? Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Importance of Bats as Bioindicators (Flaquer, C. & Puig-Montserrat, X., Eds.), pp. 28-31. Museum of Natural Sciences Edicions, Granollers.

López-Baucells, A., Flaquer, C., Puig-Montserrat, X., Freixas, L. & Mohamed, L. (2012) Updated inventory of bats and their refuges in Ceuta: first record of Pipistrellus pygmaeus in north Africa. Barbastella – Journal of Bat Research, 5(1): 43-50.

Alberdi, A., Aihartza, J., Albero, J.C., Aizpurua, O., López-Baucells, A., Freixas, L., Puig, X., Flaquer, C. & Garin, I. (2012) First records of the parti-coloured bat Vespertilio murinus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in the Pyrenees. Mammalia, 76: 109-111.

Rocha, R., Silva, I., dos Reis M.A. & Rosa, G. (2012) Another frog on the menu: predation of Trachops cirrhosus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) upon Osteocephalus oophagus (Anura: Hylidae). Chiroptera Neotropical, 18(2):1136-1138.

Rocha, R., Borda, E., Andreone, F. & Rosa, G. (2012) First reports of leech parasitism in Malagasy anurans. Comparative Parasitology, 79(2):352-356.


Meyer, C.F.J., Aguiar, L.M.S., Aguirre, L.F., Baumgarten, J., Clarke, F.M., Cosson, J.-F., Estrada Villegas, S., Fahr, J., Faria, D., Furey, N., Henry, M., Hodgkison, R., Jenkins, R.K.B., Jung, K.G., Kingston, T., Kunz, T.H., Macswiney Gonzalez, M.C., Moya, I., Patterson, B.P., Pons, J.-M., Racey, P.A., Rex, K., Sampaio, E.M., Solari, S., Stoner, K.E., Voigt, C.C., von Staden, D., Weise, C.D. & Kalko, E.K.V. (2011) Accounting for detectability improves estimates of species richness in tropical bat surveys. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48: 777-787.

Holland, R.A., Meyer, C.F.J., Kalko, E.K.V., Kays, R. & Wikelski, M. (2011) Emergence time and foraging activity in Pallas’ mastiff bat, Molossus molossus (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in relation to sunset/sunrise and phase of the moon. Acta Chiropterologica, 13: 399-404.

Russo, D., Maglio, G., Rainho, A., Meyer, C.F.J., Palmeirim, J. (2011) Out of the dark: diurnal activity in the bat Hipposideros ruber on São Tomé island (West Africa). Mammalian Biology, 76: 701-708.


Meyer, C.F.J., Aguiar, L.M.S., Aguirre, L.F., Baumgarten, J., Clarke, F.M., Cosson, J.-F., Estrada Villegas, S., Fahr, J., Faria, D., Furey, N., Henry, M., Hodgkison, R., Jenkins, R.K.B., Jung, K.G., Kingston, T., Kunz, T.H., Macswiney Gonzalez, M.C., Moya, I., Pons, J.-M., Racey, P.A., Rex, K., Sampaio, E.M., Stoner, K.E., Voigt, C.C., von Staden, D., Weise, C.D. & Kalko, E.K.V. (2010) Long-term monitoring of tropical bats for anthropogenic impact assessment: gauging the statistical power to detect population change. Biological Conservation, 143: 2797-2807.

Flaquer, C., Puig-Montserrat, X., Fàbregas, E., Guixé, D., Torre, I., Ràfols, R.G., Páramo, F., Camprodón, J., Cumplido, J.M., Ruíz-Jarillo, R., López-Baucells, A., Freixas, L. & Arrizabalaga, A. (2010) Revisión y aportación de datos sobre quirópteros de Cataluña: propuesta de libro rojo. Galemys.

Rocha, R. & Rebelo, R. (2010) First record of a piebald Selvagens Gecko Tarentola boettgeri bischoffi (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetology Notes, 3: 361-362.

Rocha, R., Paixão, M. & Gouveia, R. (2010) Predation note: Anthus berthelotii madeirensis (Passeriformes: Motacillidae) catches Teira dugesii mauli (Squamata: Lacertidae) in Deserta Grande, Madeira Archipelago. Herpetology Notes, 3: 77-78.

Estrada Villegas, S., Meyer, C.F.J. & Kalko, E.K.V. (2010) Effects of tropical forest fragmentation on aerial insectivorous bats in a land-bridge island system. Biological Conservation, 143: 597-608.

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